In May, Elon Muska launched the first group of microsatellites of the constellation of the cosmic Internet called StarLink into Earth’s orbit. However, the project encountered many problems on its development path.
Astronomers have accused SpaceX and other companies that are building constellations of the cosmic Internet that tens of thousands of such devices can hinder observations conducted by terrestrial systems. Each microsatellite will be equipped with solar panels, thanks to which it will be able to function normally dark net hub. The problem is that both its body and solar panels reflect some of the sunlight, which can dazzle observers and prevent observations with ground-based telescopes.
However, Elon Musk claims that nothing like this will happen in the future. He has already commissioned his engineers to reduce the albedo of new microsatellites as much as possible, i.e. the ratio of the amount of light radiation reflected from the satellites and directed towards the Earth’s surface. When one problem was solved, the other appeared.
The European Space Agency has announced that SpaceX and its microsatellites have been forced to change the orbit of their observation satellite called Aeolus. Engineers calculated that if the agency did not react, then Elon Musk’s devices could lead to a cosmic catastrophe by colliding with the satellite, and then lead to a domino effect.
So ESA decided to blow it cold and put its device into safe orbit. In low Earth orbit, it gets tighter every year. Many companies plan to put tens of thousands of new microsatellites there. In their opinion, they will be observing our planet and making important measurements and ensuring communication between Earth’s metropolises. Such a large number of devices may pose a threat to future space missions. If one was lost of control, it could end in cosmic catastrophes, which would be very hard to handle.
More StarLink devices are expected to hit orbit this year. Each of the microsatellites is equipped with a hall-ion ion engine based on krypton. The first part of the constellation will operate at an altitude of 550 kilometers above the Earth’s surface. Ultimately, 7,518 microsatellites are expected to reach orbit, and by 2030 there will be several thousand of them. They will be at an altitude of 340 kilometers, 550 kilometers and 1150 kilometers.
Wireless space Internet from SpaceX is to provide access to the world’s largest treasury of knowledge wherever we find ourselves, namely in the forests of the Amazon, in the Sahara or even on a desert island. The system is to offer network speeds of up to 1 Gb / s, with ping not exceeding 24 ms.
Elon Musk wrote on his Twitter profile that his system would in fact not use the IP protocol. Of course, it will support it in the exchange of packets with the global network, but inside the StarLink network it will be done directly on the basis of a peer to peer network, with encryption on the entire communication channel (end-to-end encryption).
Interestingly, Musk wants to raise the security level of its network to a very high level, thanks to the encryption at the network code level (firmware level). If an attack occurs, the network will be able to be updated in express mode and repel cyber attacks, offering its users maximum security.
A few months ago, Elona Muska applied to the FCC authorities for permission to use up to one million earth stations for the StarLink constellation. The terminals are to have flat transceiver antennas. Elona Muska revealed that the interest in the space Internet is enormous. The first customers will be able to enjoy the Internet from microsatellites this year.